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1Body weight prediction of Brakmas and Bali cattle using body measurements Mohd. Hafiz, A.W.1*, Izuan Bahtiar, A.J.2,Mohamad Hifzan, R.2 Ashraff, A.L.1, Ariff, O.M.3 and Faezal Ashraff, A.L.1In the rural areas facilities for farm animal weighing are often difficult to find and the construction of such facilities is relatively expensive. Therefore a study was conducted with the objective to estimate body weight of Brak...
2Effect of feeding fractionated RBD palm stearin on milk yield and quality of dairy cattle Norliza, S.1*, Zahariah, I.1, Ahmadilfitri, M.N.1, Mohd Suria, A.Y.1, Mardhati, M.2 and Wong, H. K.2Energy intake of dairy cows is important during the peak of milk production to maintain consistency of milk yield. To overcome energy deficiency, diet with high energy density is required for lactating dairy cows which can be enha...
3Effect of different energy to protein ratios in starter diet with dehydrated food waste, superworms and unfertilized eggs on growth performance of village chickens Nadia, N.1*, Dahlan, I1., Lokman, H.I.2 and Tee, T.P.1A study was conducted using 144 day-old chicks of Arabian strain village chicken to determine the effect of dietary protein and energy ratios in starter diets with dehydrated food waste, superworms and unfertilized eggs on growth ...
4Performance characteristics of broilers fed graded levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal Ayo-Ajasa1*, O.Y., Abiona2, J.A., Fafiolu3, A.O., Egbeyale1, L.T., Njoku1, C.P., Omotayo1, I.G., Odeyemi1, A.Y. and Abel4, F.A.S.Cost of conventional protein sources is on the increase recently; hence, there is the need for cheaper alternative sources that will not compromise the performance characteristics of broiler birds taking into consideration the cos...
5Effect of Gliricidia sepium leaves and molasses inclusion on aerobic stability, value and digestibility of Napier grass silage Jusoh, S.*, Alimon, A.R. and Iman, M.N.Most tropical roughage feeds are generally deficient in nitrogen, energy or some minerals and vitamins. A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of adding Gliricidia (Gliricidia sepium) leaves and molasses to Napier grass (Pen...
6Growth performance, haematology and cost benefit of growing rabbits reared on different feed access times and restriction durations Obasa, O.A.1*, Adeyemi, O.A.1, Akinola, O.S.1, Sobayo, R.A.2, Njoku, C.P.1 and Olaifa, R.O.1Sixty growing rabbits of mixed breeds and sexes were used for 10 wk in a 4 x 3 factorial experimental design to test for the effect of different feed access times (2, 4, 6 and 24 h) and different restriction durations (2, 4 and 6 ...
7Tracing the growth of crossbred village (kampung) chickens from hatch till maturity Engku Azahan, E.A.*Two popular strains of Malaysian crossbred kampung chickens were utilized for the purpose of gathering fundamental growth information, from hatch till the age of sexual maturity at 22 weeks. These birds comprised equal number of m...
8Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship using mitochondrial ND5 partial sequences in three cattle breeds Aslinda, K.1,4*, Wan Somarny, W.M.Z.1, Mat Tasol, S.1, Fadzlirahimi, I.2, Mohd. Hafiz, A.W.3 and Siti Azizah, M.N.4,5Partial sequences of mtDNA ND5 (404 bp) were determined for 107 bovine samples from three cattle breeds: Kedah-Kelantan (KK, n=86), Yellow cattle (YC, n=18) and Banteng (n=3). Seven haplotypes (Hap01-Hap07) were generated with Hap...
9Separation of Y-chromosome bearing bullís spermatozoa using an albumin gradient technique Somarny, W.W.M.Z.1*, Tan, Y.J.2, Mat Tasol, S.1, Jasmi, Y.3, Musaddin, K.1 and Johari, J.A.1This study was conducted to separate the X- and Y-chromosome bearing spermatozoa based on an albumin gradient technique. A modified but simple procedure was performed to minimize pressure on the spermatozoa. Two treatments consist...
10Assessment of mating behaviour associated with fertility in Boer bucks Mariani, N.S.1*, Yaakub, H.2 and Shanmugavelu, S.3A study on the mating behavior of Boer bucks using the serving capacity test was conducted. Ten healthy Boer bucks with no previous experience of sexual activity were randomly selected and kept in individual pens. Each buck was al...
11Effect of colostrum feeding on the serum immunoglobulin level in Saanen crossbred kids M. S. Suraya and H. Yaakub*Generally the immune system of ruminant neonates is poorly developed and even during the pregnancy period maternal antibodies are unable to pass to the fetus. The offspring will be protected from the diseases if they received enou...
12Influence of diets supplemented with different nitrogen sources on rumen microbial protein synthesis and protozoa numbers in steers Yusof Hamali, A.1* and A. R. Azizan2An experiment with ruminally and duodenally cannulated steers was undertaken to determine how type of diets affected the ability of rumen fermentation to respond to different sources of nitrogen in the diet. Four steers received d...
13Effects of Cymbopogon citratus leaf and Zingiber officinale rhizome supplementation on growth performance, ileal morphology and lactic acid concentration in broilers Thayalini, K.1*, Shanmugavelu, S.1, Saminathan, P.M.2, Siti Masidayu, M.S.1, Nor Idayusni, Y.1, Zainuddin, H.1, Nurul Akmal, C.A.1 and Wong, H.K.1The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effect of feeding Cymbopogon citratus leaf and Zingiber officinale rhizome on growth performance, digestibility, ileum morphology and ileal lactic acid concentration in broilers. A...
14Growth response of crossbred village (kampung) chickens to starter diets of differing energy contents Engku Azahan, E.A.1*, Azlina Azma, I.A.2 and Noraziah, M.2A study was carried out on crossbred Malaysian village (kampung) chickens to investigate the effect of dietary energy in the starter feed on growth performance. The dietary treatments were 13.5, 12.5, 11.5 and 10.5 MJ apparent met...
15Dressed yield and edible parts of crossbred village (kampung) chickens as affected by restrictions in feed Azlina Azma, I.A.1 and Engku Azahan, E.A.2*A study was carried out to determine the effect of feed restriction on carcass yields of crossbred kampung chickens at a slaughter age of 12 weeks. The two feed-restricted feeding regimes studied were provisions of commercial feed...
16Production of polyclonal antibody against tetracycline using KLH as a carrier protein Siti Noraini, B.* and Nur Azura, M.S.The production of polyclonal antibody against tetracycline was described using tetracycline - KLH conjugate (Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin). Tetracycline was conjugated with KLH as a carrier protein because it was small molecule and u...
17Influence of dietary palm kernel cake on growth performance, carcass composition, meat quality, volatile fatty acids, intestinal bacteria population and villi histology of cherry valley ducks A. A. Samsudin, A. Sharmila, M. F. Jahromi, P. Shokryazdan, A. A. Mohd Nor, N. HendryThe effects of feeding palm kernel cake on growth performance, carcass composition, meat quality, volatile fatty acids, intestinal bacteria population and villi histology of Cherry Valley duck were investigated. A total of 36 one-...
18Analysis of ovine uterus Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) Suhaimi, A.H.M.S 1*, I.A. Azlina Azma2, A.R. Roziatul Erin1, W. M. Z. Somarny1, M. N. Mat Isa3, Z. A. Rabiatul Adawiah4 , S. Md Tasol1 and K. Musaddin1The aim of this paper was to explore the different analyses available to examine Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs). ESTs were generated from the uterus of indigenous sheep, Malin. A total of 675 unigenes were identified of which 603 ...
19HaeIII-RFLP Polymorphism of growth hormone gene in Savanna and Kalahari goats Amie Marini, A.B.1*, K. Aslinda1, R. Mohd. Hifzan2, A.B. Muhd. Faisal2 and K. Musaddin1Growth hormone (GH) plays an important role in several biological processes such as reproduction, lactation, metabolism and growth of livestock animals. The objectives of this study were to screen growth hormone (GH) gene variants...
20Ovarian responses after superovulation with different dosages of oFSH in goats Abdullah1*, R.B., Shariffah2, N.Y., Rahman1, M.R. and Wan Khadijah1, W.E.A total of 35 crossbred goats (Capra hircus) were used to evaluate the effect of oFSH dosages on ovarian responses during superovulation. A controlled internal drug release (CIDR) was inserted for 14 days in each goat. The animals...
21Ranchers? knowledge towards sustainable swiftlet ranching Vaiappuri,S.K.N.1, Nitty, H.K1*., Ismail.A.L.1 and Kamaruddin, M.I.2The recent drastic increase of swiftlet bird houses can pose a serious threat to the sustainability in swiftlet ranching. The possible outcomes need proper attention, so that further growth of the swiftlet industry will not be con...
22Effect of Sapindus mukorossi as herbal feed additive for ruminants N. Sultana1*, K. S. Huque2 and A. R. Alimon1Sapindus mukorossi, a herbal plant source of saponin, was tested for its effects on defaunation, ruminal ammonia production and subsequent impact on growth performance of cattle. Twelve bulls were equally divided into two groups: ...
23Anthelmintic resistance in selected goat farms in Kelantan Basripuzi, H.B.1*, Sani, R.A.2 and Ariff, O.M.3The widespread use of chemical anthelmintics to control goat gastrointestinal nematodes has resulted in the occurrence of resistant nematode populations that has become a global problem including Malaysia. Faecal samples were coll...
24Comparison of growth rate of four Pleurotus fungi species on wheat straw and date palm leaf substrates A. Kabirifard1, A., Fazaeli2* H. and Kafilzadeh3 F.In a 4?3 factorial completely randomized experiment, four Pleurotus species of cultures, namely P. florida, P. ostreatus A., P. ostreatus M. and P. ostreatus T., were cultured on wheat straw (WS), date palm leaves (DPL) and potato...
25Electrochemical sensors for detection of tetracycline antibiotics Faridah, S.*, Hazana, R., Gayah, A. R., Norzaili, Z., Azima, A., Nur Azura, M. S., and Zamri, I.An electrochemical immunosensor based on screen-printed carbon working electrode with onboard carbon counter and silver?silver chloride pseudo-reference electrode for tetracycline antibiotic detection is described in this paper. A...
26Enzyme Inhibition Sensor for Malachite Green and Leuco- Malachite Green Detection in Tilapia Fish Faridah1*, S., Nurul Hidayah1, A. P., Gayah1, A.R., Fatimah2, A. B., Nur Azura1, M.S., Othman3 ,M. and Zamri1 ,I.Malachite Green (MG) and Leuco-Malachite Green (LMG) are chemicals extensively used as anti-fungal and anti-parasite agents in the aquaculture industry. Over dosage of these chemicals is hazardous to human health and environment. ...
27Fatty Acid Profile of Nile and Red Hybrid Tilapias Reared in Intensive and Extensive Systems Siti Sarah, J., Ariff, O. M.* and Goh, Y. M.Long chain n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids which are present in many marine fish have long been found to confer beneficial effects on human health. As the world fish stock declines due to over fishing and depletion in the ...
28A Direct Competitive Immunoassay for Fumonisins Detection in Maize Feed Kadir*, M.K.A., Ishak, Z. and Awaludin, N.The development of a direct competitive immunoassay formats for the Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was undertaken for fumonisins (Fms) determination in feed. The use of polyclonal antibody was conducted on the mi...
29Teratogenic Effects of Retinyl Palmitate during Early and Late Gestation Periods in Rats Thannia1, S. Y., Al- Muqamar2, M., Yaakub3, H., Ganabadi3, S and Sukardi1*, S.Retinyl palmitate or vitamin A palmitate has been associated with dose-related developmental toxicity when administered orally to mice, rats, rabbits, and monkeys during critical stages of embryonic development. We report a study ...
30Isolation and Detection of PLC? (Sperm Factor Protein) in Testes of Rattus rattus diardii Using One-Step RT-PCR Nasyriq, A.M.N., Fadzlina, A.S., Noor Faezah, M.N., Lee, L.H., Cheah Y.K. and Sukardi*, S.The fertilization process in many species studied involves induction of Ca2+ oscillations in eggs. Prolonged time period of calcium oscillations is essential for regulating various kinds of events that will occur after fertilizati...
31Determination of Follicular Wave Development in Oestrus Synchronised Beef Cows Azizah*1, A., . Wahid 2, H. Ariff3, O.M. Yaakub4 H. and Ahmad5 J.,A study was conducted to determine the follicular wave development in terms of dominant follicles size, number of follicular waves and follicles existing at pre- and post-ovulation stage, and length of oestrous cycle in oestrus sy...
32Performance of Layer Birds Supplemented with Herbal Antistress Product Ayucee and Synthetic Vitamin C under Physiological Heat Stress Jadhav1, N .V., Awati2, B., Kulkarni3, S., Waghmare4, P. G., Suranagi4,M. D., Saxena5, M. J., Ravikanth5, K., Dandale5, M. and Shivi Maini5*Heat stress exerts high deteriorating impact on the poultry industry which could be ameliorated by dietary incorporation of synthetic vitamin C. Certain herbs either alone or in combination thereof are also a rich source of ascorb...
33The Effect of Feeding Primalac Probiotics on Growth Performance and Blood Parameters of Ostriches Hasan Rezaei 1, H., Khorshidi1, K. J. and Fallah2*, R.This study investigated the effect of feeding primalac probiotics on growth performance and some blood parameters of ostriches from hatch until 8 wk of age. A total of 48 day-old ostriches were randomly divided into 4 equal treatm...
34Nutritional Evaluation of Cattle Rumen Epithelial Tissue Scrapings Meal for Growing Rabbits Oladunjoye, I. O. 1* Ojebiyi, O. O.,2 Adeleke, J.,1 and Famakinwa, B. 1An eight week study was conducted in which cattle rumen epithelial tissue scrapings meal (CRETSM) was substituted for fishmeal in growing rabbit diets to reduce feed formulation cost and environmental pollution. One hundred and tw...
35The Effects of Effective Microorganisms (EM) on the Nutritive Values of Fungal-Treated Rice Straw Samsudin*, A.A, Masori, M.F. and Ibrahim, A.A study to improve the nutritive values of rice straw by means of biological treatment was conducted. The rice straw was subjected to three treatments: plain rice straw (T1), rice straw treated with Aspergillus niger for 10 d (T2)...
36Effect of Sex and Birth Type on Kid Performance of Sudanese Taggar Goats Bushara1, I., Abdelhadi 2, O. M .A. , Mekki2, D. M., Idris3, A. O., Elemam 4, M. B. , Muna Ahmed5, M. M. , Abu Nikhiala6, A.M. and Alimon, A. R7The study was conducted in Taggar goats to evaluate the effect of two different levels of protein and energy in the rations on some reproductive and productive traits. Sixty two (62) kids of Taggar goats were allocated to sex and ...
37Genetic Variation of Four Goat Breeds in Malaysia Using Microsatellite Polymorphism Markers Amie Marini1,4*, A.B., Mohd. Hifzan2, R., Johari3, J.A., Tan4, S.G. and Panandam5, J.M.The characterisation of animals using PCR-based microsatellite markers is informative, economical and useful to elucidate genetic diversity within and among breeds. The determination of genetic variability in four goat breeds foun...
38First Follicular Wave Pattern of Kedah-Kelantan Cows Stimulated with Different Types of Gonadotropin Hormone Regimes for Transvaginal Oocyte Aspiration Azizah*1, A., Ariff2, O.M., Ahmad3, J., Ajis3, H., Mashodi3, S., Izuan Bahtiar3, A.J. and Saadiah1, J.The aim of the study was to compare the first wave pattern of follicular development in terms of mean number of follices and follicular size of Kedah-Kelantan beef cows stimulated with four different protocols of gonadotropin horm...
39Effects of Varying Energy Levels on Follicular Development and Time of Ovulation in Kedah-Kelantan Crossbred Cows A. Azizah1*, H. Yaakub2 and J. Ahmad3Nutrition element such as energy can influence reproductive performance, and the difference in energy provided will lead to changes in follicular development in cows. Therefore a study was conducted to evaluate the effect of varyi...
40Effects of Two CIDR-based Oestrus Synchronization Protocols on Oestrus Response in Boer Goats Abdul Muin1, H.B., Hasbudie1, B., Suraya1, M.S., Panandam1, J.M., Yaakub1*, H., Theivanai2, J. and Quaza Nizamuddin3, H.N.Sixty fertile and healthy female Boer goats were divided equally and randomly into two groups (n=30). The first group received CIDR treatment for 14 days (T14) with 400 IU PMSG and 0.05mg cloprostenol injection (i.m.) prior to CID...
41Yield and Nutritive Quality of Nine Napier Grass Varieties in Malaysia Halim*1, R. A., Shampazuraini2, S. and Idris3, A.B.Napier grass was first introduced in Malaysia in the 1920?s from East Africa and is currently the most popular fodder grass in dairy and feedlot production systems. Nine varieties of Napier grass were grown in a randomized complet...
42Nutrient Composition and Forage Yield, Nutritive Quality of Silage Produced from Maize-Lablab Mixture Amole1,2,*, T.A., Oduguwa1, B.O., Jolaosho2, A.O., Arigbede2, M.O., Olanite2, J.A., Dele2, P.A. and Ojo2, V.O.A.Trials were conducted at the Teaching and Research farm, UNAAB in 2008 and 2009 to evaluate the effect of undersowing Lablab (Lablab purpureus cv. Rongai) in maize on grain yield, and to evaluate the nutritive quality of the silag...
43Effect of Feeding Cassava Wastes on the Performance and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens Bukola B. Babatunde*Utilization of cassava waste meal (CWM) by broilers may increase poultry meat production in the developing countries by reducing cost of production. A completely randomized design feeding trial of 120 Cobb chicks aged 22 d was con...
44Effects of Inoculating Lactobacillus plantarum, Molasses and Urea on the Fermentation of Whole Crop Rice Silage Ghazali1*, H., Wan Mohtar2, W.Y. and Wan Zahari3, M.A study was conducted to examine the effects of inoculating Lactobacillus plantarum and adding molasses and urea on the fermentation of whole crop rice silage (WCRS). Three treatments were included in the study: Treatment 1 - a to...
45Development, Establishment and Current Achievement of Animal Traceability System in Malaysia Salina*, A.B. and Azmie, M.Z.The animal traceability system works as a complement to animal disease control program. Malaysia has been serious in developing the animal traceability system in order to control diseases, to get disease free declaration from The ...
46The Effect of Slaughter Age on the Bacterial Number, pH and Carcass Weight Loss of Japanese Quails Stored at 40C for 14 Days Jamaludin*, M. H, Aisyah, W. S. K., Shazani, S. and Amin, M. R.The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of slaughtering age on the bacterial profile, pH, and carcass loss of dressed Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica) stored aerobically at 4oC over a period of 14...
47Improving Nutritional Values of Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) as Poultry Feeds: A Review Sharmila1, A., Alimon1,2, A.R., Azhar1, K., Noor3, H.M. and Samsudin1,2*, A.A.Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) is a by-product of palm kernel oil extraction and provides moderate nutrition with approximately 16-18% of crude protein (CP) and 13-20% crude fiber (CF). Usage of PKC is common in ruminant diets, but limite...
48Assessment of Genetic Diversity on Goat Breeds in Malaysia Using Microsatellite Markers Amie Marini, A.B.1,3*, Hifzan, R.M.2, Tan, S.G.3 and Panandam, J.M.4Genetic characterisation of goat populations in Malaysia is essential for conservation strategy as well as for genetic improvement. The goat populations in Malaysia comprise the small-framed original Katjang goats and the larger f...
49Effects of Strain, Sex and Age on Growth Performance of Malaysian Kampong Chickens Engku Azahan1*, E.A., Azlina Azma2, I.A. and Noraziah2, M.The effect of strain (genotype), sex and age on growth performance was evaluated in kampong chickens reared in individual cages. One hundred and fifty day-old North strain chicks and the same number of South strain were utilized. ...
50Pre-weaning Body Measurements and Performance of Desert Sheep (Tribal Subtypes Hamari and Kabashi) Lambs of Kordofan Region, Sudan Mohamed Ali1*, M.A., Abdella2, H.O., Elimam2, M.E., Sulieman2, A.H. , El-Hag3, F.M., Neama Adam Eshag4 and Jadalla1, J.B.Hamari (n=20) and Kabashi (n=20) tribal subtype male lambs were used for a study to evaluate the pre-weaning period (4 months) growth performance and body measurements. These parameters were measured soon after birth and every two...
51Fatty Acid Composition of Breast and Thigh Muscles of Broilers Fed Diets Supplemented with Candle Nut Kernel Meal Subjected to Different Heat Treatments Rohaida, A.R., Alimon*, A.R. and Sazili, A.Q.An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of heat treated candlenut kernel meal (CNKM) supplementation in broiler diet on fatty acid profiles in breast and thigh muscle of broiler chickens at grower-finisher stage. A to...
52Performance of Growing Rabbits Fed Diets Containing Fermented and Unfermented Cassava Leaf: Peel Meal Mix as Replacement for Maize Adeyemi1*,O.A., Adesanya2, P.A, Eniolorunda2, O.O., Sogunle1, O.M., Egbeyale1, L.T. and Njoku1, C.P.The effects of feeding diets containing fermented and unfermented combinations of cassava leaf meal and peel meal mix (CLM-PM) on performance and carcass characteristics of growing rabbits were investigated in a derived savannah v...
53Verification of Caprine Sexed-separated Spermatozoa by Real Time PCR Somarny, W.W.M.Z1*, Aslinda1,K., Md. Tasol1, S., Mohd. Hifzan2, R., Nasir2, J.M., Mohd Hafiz3, A.W., Ab Rashid4, B. and Musaddin1, K.Sexed spermatozoa could contribute to increasing profitability of the dairy and beef industries worldwide by producing offspring of predetermined sex. Various methods have been designed to separate sperm population into X- and Y-c...
54Comparison of Bovine Embryonic Development of Parthenogenetically Activated Oocytes by Different Combinations of Chemical Treatments Siti Khadijah, I., Rahman, M. M., Abdullah*, R. B. and Wan Khadijah, W. E.Oocyte activation is the efficient method or step for successful animal cloning. This study was carried out to evaluate the embryonic development for both parthenotes and fertilised embryos according to the oocyte grades (Grades A...
55Progesterone and Luteinising Hormone Profile of Saanen Crossbred Goats Synchronised with CIDR and PMSG Salleh, S.M., Yaakub*, H. and Panandam, J. M.A better understanding of the hormonal profile of oestrus synchronised Saanen crossbreds would guide appropriate timing of Fixed Time Artificial Insemination (FTAI). This study was conducted to determine the progesterone hormone (...
56Relationship between Coccidiosis Infection and Hematological Profile, Body Weight and Famacha Scores in Dorper Sheep Nurzaty Ewani, A.H., Ariff1*, O.M., Sani2, R.A. and Rasedee3, A.Imported Dorper sheep raised in the Tropics are subjected to endo-parasitic infestation which may affect their morbidity and total productivity in lamb production. Few reports are available to provide guidelines in the efficient h...
57Statistical Analysis of Traditional Practices of Fermented Camel Milk in North Kordofan State, Sudan Ahmed1*, A.I., Blanchard2, L., Abdelhadi3, O.M.A., Bakheit3, S.A. and Faye4, B.The present work was conducted to study the preparation process of fermented camel milk (locally named as gariss) according to camel herders. A questionnaire was designed to collect information including methods for using starter,...
58Frequency of Oestrus Signs and Pregnancy Rates in Oestrus Synchronised Kedah-Kelantan Crossbred Cows Offered Two Metabolizable Energy Levels Azizah1*, A., Ahmad2, J., Ahmad Nazri3, A.R., Saadiah1, J. and Yaakub4, H.Synchronisation of oestrus in cattle can facilitate the use of artificial insemination by reducing the time needed for detection of oestrus compared to cows entering oestrus spontaneously. The purpose of the study was to determine...
59Pregnancy Rate from Timed-artificial Insemination and Natural Service of Oestrus Synchronized Kedah-Kelantan and Crossbred Cows in Two Management Systems Azizah1*, A., Ariff2, O.M., Ahmad Nazri3, A.R., Wahid4, H., Ahmad5, J. and Saadiah1, J.Improved reproductive efficiency is the outcome of herd management and could involve a decision to choose between artificial insemination (AI) and natural service (NS). The objective of the present study was to determine the time ...
60Semen Quality of Brakmas Bulls Under Short Term Feeding Regimes Tan, Y.J.1*, Zaidi, S.2, Mohd. Firdaus, O.1, Roslan, O.3, and Shanmugavelu, S1.Nutritional status of a bull is an important consideration in ensuring its semen is of high quality. A study was carried out to evaluate the effect of feeding regime on semen quality of Brakmas bulls. Nine mature bulls of 3-5 y of...
61Agronomic Properties, Dry Matter Production and Nutritive Quality of Guinea Grass (Megathrysus maximus) Harvested at Different Cutting Intervals Jusoh*, S. , A.R. Alimon and M.S. KamiriResponse pattern of guinea grass to defoliation interval was assessed for about four months from July to October 2012 to investigate the morphological response, in terms of agronomic properties, dry matter production and nutritive...
62Performance of Laying Hens Fed High Copra Meal-based Diets With or Without Exogenous Enzyme Supplementation Diarra*, S.S., Saimone, M. and Olofia, L.The effect of enzyme supplementation of a high copra meal based diet on the performance of laying hens was investigated. A total of 60 Shaver Brown pullets aged 18 weeks were allotted to 12 floor pens in a completely randomised de...
63Effects of Sex and Stocking Density on Growth Performance and Some Physiological Traits of Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) Ayoola, A. A., Adeyemi*, O. A., Egbeyale, L. T., Sogunle, O. M and Ekunseitan, D. A.The performance and some physiological traits of male and female Japanese quails stocked at three different stocking densities were examined in a 21-day trial. A total of 216 three weeks old quail birds comprising 108 males and 10...
64Effects of Adding Edible Bird Microparticulates on the Oxidation of Chicken Burger Ravisangkar, R., Nurfatin, M.H., Etty Syamila, I.K., Masitah, M., Norhasidah, S. and Babji, A.S.*This study was carried out to determine the effect of adding micro-particulates of Malaysia?s edible bird nests (EBN) on the shelf life and nutritional quality of chicken burger. Four treatments of chicken burger were prepared for...
65Feed resources for small ruminants in Libya: A review R. M. Al-Mabruk1 and A. R. Alimon2*The livestock sector in Libya, in particular the small ruminants, plays an important role in the social economy of rural areas. Sheep and goats are primarily raised in traditional systems contributing to the production of meat, mi...
66MtDNA diversity and genetic lineages of four cattle breeds in Malaysia Somarny1*, W.W.M.Z., Ruzainah2, A., Aslinda3, K. Mohd. Hafiz4, A.W., Md Tasol1, S., Fadzlirahimi5, I., Amie Marini1, A.B. and Siti Azizah3, M. N.There is lack of comprehensive studies on the genetic diversity or phylogenetic analysis of beef cattle breeds in Malaysia. In this study, the partial sequence of mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene (cyt b) was analysed from blood...
67Relationship between body weight and body measurements of Aceh cattle Putra1*, W.P.B., Sumadi2, Hartatik2, T. and Saumar3, H.Data on body weight (BW) and measurements: withers height (WH), body length (BL) and heart girth (HG) of 79 (39 males and 40 females) of Aceh cattle (average 550 days of age) were collected at the Breeding Station in Indrapuri dis...
68Estrus response and pregnancy rate of Rusa timorensis following estrus synchronization with prostaglandin analogue Mahre2, M.B., Wahid1*, H., Rosnina1, Y., and Jesse1, F.F.A.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of cloprostenol in inducing estrus in cycling Rusa timorensis hinds by assessing circulating progesterone (P4) concentration, occurence of estrus and pregnancy rate. Estrus wa...
69Effect of repeated laparoscopic ovum pick-up on yield and quality of oocytes in goats Nor Farizah, A.H., Rahman, M.M., Wan Khadijah, W.E. and Abdullah, R.B.*Laparoscopic ovum pick-up (LOPU) is a less invasive surgical technique for oocyte recovery from antral follicles seen as ?pimple-like? protrusion on the ovarian surface. LOPU can be repeated several times without ovarian damage or...
70Level of nutrition affects semen characteristics and freezability of Malaysian bucks Abdullah*, R. B., Syazwan, A. M., Rahman, M. M. and Wan Khadijah, W. E.Feeding is a major problem in goat production in Malaysia particularly it affects reproductive efficiency of goats. This research was aimed to confirm the effect of improper nutrition and management practice on the buck?s fresh an...
71Utilisation of cassava products-copra meal based diets supplemented with or without Allzyme SSF by growing pullets Diarra, S. S.The utilisation of cassava root-leaf meal (CRLM) and copra meal with or without enzyme by growing pullets was investigated. A total of 180 six week-old Shaver 579 pullets (549.79 ? 0.39 g/bird) were allotted to 12 floor pens conta...
72Growth performance of free-range village chickens fed dehydrated processed food waste Hossein, S. and Dahlan, I.*The effect of dehydrated processed food waste (DPFW) inclusion in the diets on the growth performance (feed intake, body weight gain, body weight change and feed conversion ratio) of free-range village chickens was investigated. F...
73Feed intake, growth performance and digestibility in goats fed whole corn plant silage and Napier grass Khaing1, K.T., Loh1, T. C., Ghizan2, S., Halim2, R. A. and Samsudin1* A. A.Shortage and inconsistent quality of forage in developing countries are the major constraints to the development of ruminant sector. To overcome these problems, feeding of ruminants with conserved forages is an important feeding s...
74The antibacterial activity of diluted Tualang honey N. A. Roslan1*, H. N. Mohammad Rashed2, N. H. Harun2, M. H. Jamaludin2, Z. Abdul Kari2 and A. R. Alimon1Tualang honey (TH) is a Malaysian jungle honey obtained from the wild. The honey is produced by the rock bee (Apis dorsata), which builds hives on branches of tall Tualang (Koompassia excelsa (Becc.) Taub) trees located mainly in ...
75Status of beef industry of Malaysia Ariff, O.M.1*, Sharifah, N.Y.2 and Hafidz, A.W.3Within the livestock sector in Malaysia the beef sub-sector lags in percentage contribution to domestic supply of red meat. Many attempts in beef production in the past, from extensive ranching to intensive feedlotting, have yield...
76Influence of in vitro maturation duration on embryo yield in goats Phua, A.C.Y., Rahman, M.M., Wan Khadijah, W.E. and Abdullah*, R.B.Oocytes retrieved from goat ovaries are usually still in immature stage and thus, are not ready for fertlisation. Hence, the oocytes need to be cultured in maturation medium for certain duration before they fertilise. In this expe...
77Association of growth hormone gene polymorphisms with pre-weaning growth traits in Savanna goats Amie Marini, A.B.1*, Syarifah N. Hanis, S.H.1, Shuib,M.M.M.2, Firdaus, O.M.1 and Ariff, O.M.3Expression of characteristics between generations depends on heritability and selection differential. The objective of this study was to determine inheritance of growth hormone gene (GH) and to evaluate the relationship of GH gene...
78Describing growth pattern of Brakmas cows using non-linear regression models Mohd. Hafiz, A.W.1*, Mohamad Hifzan, R.2, Izuan Bahtiar, A.J.2 and Ariff, O.M.3The objective of this study was to evaluate the best fit non-linear regression model to describe the growth pattern of Brakmas cows. Estimates of asymptotic mature weight, rate of maturing and constant of integration were derived ...
79Effect of honey supplementation into Tris Extender on Cryopreservation of Bull Spermatozoa Yimer, N.*, Muhammad, N. , Sarsaifi, K. , Rosnina, Y., Wahid, H., Khumran, A.M. and Kaka, A.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of using honey as a supplement into Tris extender in comparison with a commercial Bioxcell? extender on bull semen cryopreservation quality. Semen samples from four fertile bulls, ...
80Evaluation of physical and ultra-structural attributes of bulls' semen with variable freezing potential Khumran, A. M., Yimer, N.*, Rosnina, Y., Ariff, O.M., Wahid, H., Ebrahimi, M., Kaka, A. and Mahre, M.B.This experiment was conducted to determine the physical and ultra-structural attributes of fresh bull semen and assess their potential use for freezing and AI. A total of 40 semen samples collected from 4 mature bulls (10 samples ...
81Yield and chemical composition of Pennisetum hybrid fertilized with animal manures and harvested at different times Ojo, V.O.A. 1*, Ogunsakin, A.O.1, Dele, P.A.1, Adelusi, O.O.2, Olanite, J.A.1, Adeoye,S.A.1, Amole,T.A.1 and Onifade,O.S.1The experiment was conducted at the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria to evaluate the effects of animal manures and harvest times on the growth, dry matter yield and chemical composition of Pennisetum hybrid. Th...
82Fish offal meal as an alternative protein source of fish meal for Tilapia, Oreochromis sp. Farahiyah, I. J.*, Wong, H.K., Zainal, A.A.R. and Ahmad, A.The use of local feedstuffs to substitute conventional feedstuffs in fish nutrition has been widely studied. However, there is no report to date on the use of by-products from fish processing plants as feed for fish. The lack of l...
83Effects of ascorbic acid supplementation on broiler chickens stocked at two different densities in a humid tropical environment Adeyemi, O.A.*, Adedoyin, E.O., Olaleye, O.O., Njoku, P.C. and Sanwo, K.A.The quest to meet up with the high demand for poultry products has made farmers adopt new means of rearing birds without incurring more cost. One of these husbandry practices is by varying the stocking density. Increasing stocking...
84Performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed graded levels of cassava peel meal based diets Olaifa, R.O.1*, Adeyemi,O.A.1, Oloyede, S.T.2, Sogunle, O.M.1, Agunbiade, J.A.2 andOkubanjo, A.O.3A total of 96 unsexed day-old broiler chicks (Arbor Acre breed) were used in a 28-day feeding trial to evaluate the effect of inclusion levels of rumen filtrate fermented cassava peal meal (RFFCPM) on the performance and carcass c...
85Evaluation of anticoccidial effect of Khaya senegalensis stem bark on the performance of three strains of egg type chickens Lala, A.*, Okwelum, N., Bello, K. O. and Salami, W. A.This study was carried out to evaluate the anticoccidial effect of Khaya senegalensis on growth and production performance of three strains of layer chickens. Three hundred and sixty day old commercial chicks were randomly allotte...
86Physiological response of growing pigs to qualitative and quantitative feed restriction in a humid tropical environment Njoku, C.P.1*, Adeyemi, O.A.1, Sanya, B.J.1, Akinola, S.O.1 and Oluwatosin, O.O.2Feed restriction is a common management practice with market pigs to improve carcass quality and feed efficiency while decreasing production cost and carcass fat. But some scientists have argued that feed restriction poses stress ...
87Socioeconomic perspectives of broiler farming in Peninsular Malaysia Gabdo, B. H.*, Mansor, M. I., Kamal, H. A. W. and Ilmas, A. M.The chief constraint in Malaysian broiler production has been the high cost of feeds; any attempt to explore avenues of increased productivity is indeed imperative. Farmers? socioeconomic attributes and agricultural productivity a...
88Describing Growth Pattern of Bali Cows Using Non-linear Regression Models Mohd. Hafiz A.W1, Izuan Bahtiar A.J 2, Mohamad Hifzan R 2, Ariff, O.M 3, Faezal Ashraff A.L 1The objective of this study was to evaluate the best fit non-linear regression model to describe the growth pattern of Bali cows. Estimates of asymptotic mature weight, rate of maturing and constant of integration were derived fro...
89Determining Tocotrienol Rich Fraction Effects on Laying, Mortality and Egg Quality Parameters Mardhati1*, M., Farah Nurshahida2, M.S., Osman3, A. and Wan Nooraida3, W.M.The public interest and awareness in healthier lifestyle has increased the demand of functional food, nutraceuticals and designer foods, which has resulted in the creation of new foods in marketplace, for instance designer and spe...
90Effect of Tree Leaves on Rumen Fermentation, Microbial Count and Blood Urea Nitrogen of West African Dwarf Goats Adelusi1*, O. O., Isah1, O. A., Onwuka1, C. F. I., Afolabi2, R. O., Aderinboye1, R. Y. and Idowu3, O. J.This experiment was carried out to assess the effect of Azadirachta indica, Newbouldia laevis and Spondias mombin leaves on rumen fermentation, microbial count and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Sixte...
91Giant Taro (Alocasia macrorrhiza) Root Meal with or without Coconut Oil Slurry as Source of Dietary Energy for Laying Hens Diarra*, S.S., Oikali, C., Rasch, I.M.,Taro, L., Vatigava, M. and Amosa, F.The effect of feeding Alocasia macrorrhiza root meal (AMRM) with or without added coconut oil slurry (COS) on egg production and egg qualities was investigated in a 20-week experiment. A control diet based on maize and 4 other die...
92Evaluation of Local Feed Ingredients Based Diets on Growth Performance of African Catfish, Clarias gariepinus Farahiyah*, I. J., Zainal, A.A.R., Ahmad, A., Mardhati, M., Thayalini, K. and Yong, S.T.Formulating the right feed based on the requirements of the fish species is the main solver to reduce the high cost of aquaculture production. In formulating suitable diet, factors such as the sustainability or availability of the...
93Effects of Dietary Supplemental Vitamins and Periods of Administration on Growth Performance and Antibody Titre of Broiler Chickens Vaccinated against Newcastle Disease Odutayo1*, O. J., Sogunle1<, O. M., Adeyemi1, O.A., Sonibare2, A.O., Oluwayinka2, E.B., Ekunseitan1, D.A. and Safiyu1, K. K.This study investigated the effects of supplemental vitamins and varying administration periods on growth performance and antibody titre of broiler chickens vaccinated against Newcastle Disease (ND). A total of 300 unvaccinated ag...
94Effect of Different Levels of Terbutaline and L-carnitine on the Growth Performance, Carcass Traits, Blood Parameters and Immune System of Broiler Chickens Fallah1*, R., Nazari2 , P. and Mirzaei3, E.This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of Terbutaline and L-carnitine on the growth performance, carcass traits, blood parameters and immune system of broiler chickens. A total of 240 one-day old comm...
95Effects of Andrographis paniculata and Orthosiphon stamineus Supplementation on in-vivo Rumen Fermentation Parameters and Microbial Population in Goats Fed Urea-treated Rice Straw Roslan1, N.A., Alimon1, A.R., Yaakub1, H., Jahromi2, M. F., Shokri1, J. and Samsudin1, 2*, A.A.Four fistulated Boer cross-bred bucks with 25 kg average body weight was used to test the effects of dietary treated rice straw supplemented with A. paniculata and O. stamineus on in-vivo rumen parameters and microbial population ...
96Comparison between Urea and Goat Manure as Sources of Nitrogen for Napier Grass Grown on Terraced Hill Rahman, M.M., Wan Khadijah, W.E. and Abdullah*, R.B.Effects of two nitrogen (N) sources on dry matter (DM) yield and nutritive value of Napier grass were evaluated. The nitrogen (N) fertiliser (at rate of 300 kg N ha?1 year?1) was applied by dividing the terraces of a hill under tw...
97In vitro Digestibility and Gas Production Characteristics of Four Napier (Pennisetum purpureum) Cultivars as Fresh Fodder Zailan, M.Z., Yaakub*, H. and Jusoh, S.Napier grass was first introduced to Malaysia in the 1920?s and there were many cultivars introduced in Malaysia since 1950?s. However, there is a need to have comparative evaluation of these Napier cultivars so that definite reco...
98Assessment of Reproductive Performance and Abortion Occurrence of Boer Goats as Influenced by Farm Systems and Feeding Practices Norhazirah, A.H., Nulit, R., Shohaimi, S. and Shikh Maidin*, M.The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of farm systems (intensive and semi-intensive) and feeding practices on reproductive performance (kidding rate and abortion occurrence) of female Boer goats in Peninsular Mala...
99Manipulation of factors affecting phytate hydrolysis in enhancing phytase efficacy in poultry: A review Noraini*, S. Phosphorus in phytate is largely unavailable to chickens unless they are provided with dietary phytase. Phytase was shown to increase phytate degradation in the crop and proventriculus-gizzard and very little phytate degradation o...
100Breed and age of dams effects on calving and weaning rates of Brakmas and Bali cows Mohd. Hafiz1*, A.W., Izuan Bahtiar2, A.J., Mohamad Hifzan2, R.,Ariff3, O.M. and Faezal Ashraff1, A.L. Evaluation of animals reproductive capacity is very important to the animal breeders as it will be the turning point of gaining profit or loss in livestock enterprises. The objective of this study was to evaluate the breed and age...
101Effect of vitamin E supplementation on semen quantity and quality of Local Kampong roosters Mohamad Asrol, K. and Abdul Rashid*, B. This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of increasing dietary levels of vitamin E on semen quantity and quality characteristics of local kampong roosters. Forty-five roosters were randomly distributed equally to 3 ...
102Production of IgY by layers injected with Salmonella typhimurium Hee, H. L. 1, Abdullah, N. 2*, Hamid, M3. and Ho, Y.W. 1 In the present study, production of IgY and performance of layers immunised with Salmonella typhimurium were evaluated. Thirty 23-wk old layers (Lohmann Brown) with average body weight of 1.6 Ī 0.03 kg. were randomly and equally d...
103Performance and cost-benefits of weaner rabbits fed graded levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal Ayo-Ajasa*, O. Y, Egbeyale, L. T., Sanusi, G.O., Ibrahim, K., Hamzat, O. A and Falako, M. F. Moringa has been acclaimed to be beneficial especially in livestock production. Its leaves and green fresh pods are said to be rich in carotene and ascorbic acid with a good profile of amino acids while its twigs are reported to b...
104Growth performance, carcass yield and gait score of Marshal broiler chicken reared on intensive and semi intensive management systems Oluwadiya1, B. O., Adeyemi1, O.A., Sogunle1, O.M., Obasa1*, O.A., and Ladokun2, A.O. The rearing system used in highly productive farms is often subjected to harsh criticism, one of the reasons being its failure to provide adequate welfare. A number of attempts have been made to introduce new technologies in reari...
105Effect of Bambara nut and cowpea intercropped with maize at different times on nutritive quality of maize for ruminant feeding Olanite, J. A., Muraina*1, T. O., Ewetola, I. A., Dele, P. A., Ojo, V. O. A., Anochirim, C. G., Nwadike, N. F. and Saliu, T. A. Effects of Bambara nut and cowpea planted with maize at different times on nutritive quality of maize forage were investigated. The study was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design and the treatments were combination of crop t...
106The performance of growing goats fed urea treated rice straw supplemented with Incum (Klienhovia hospita) foliage Jusoh, S*. and Amalina M. Y. The usage of locally available forages such as agricultural by-products and native trees is the crucial thing for goat farmers to obtain good quality feed and to reduce cost of feeding. A study was conducted to investigate the pe...
107Local emission factors estimates for methane emission from cattle enteric fermentation using IPCC tier-2 methodology Azizi, A.A.*1, Mardhati, M.1, Mohd Fairuz, M.S.2, Shaidatul Azdawiyah, A.T.2, Nurul Ain, A.B.2, Fauzi, J.2, Mohamad Hariz, A.R.2 and Reisinger3, A.Understanding the magnitude of consequences of climate change caused by greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions largely relies on GHG inventory stocktaking and emission estimates that aggregate activity data and emission factors (EF). Fo...
108Analysis of profitability of small-scale catfish farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria Ashley-Dejo1*, S.S., Olaoye2, O.J and Adelaja3, O.A.The study examined some parameters affecting profitability of small-scale catfish farmers in Oyo State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 222 catfish farmers from all the four agricultural extension zones ...
109Effect of mating ratio on the laying performance, hatching characteristics, feeding and housing cost of Japanese quails Ayoola1*, A.A., Adeyemi1, A.O., Egbeyale1, L.T., Sobayo2, R. A. and Yusuf3, A.O.A total of 438 4-wk old Japanese quails (288 females and 150 males) grouped at different mating ratios were used to evaluate the laying performance. The birds were divided into 4 mating groups: 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 and 1:4. Each group co...
110Optimum protein requirement for the growth of Jelawat fish (Leptobabrbus hoevenii) Farahiyah, I.J.*, Zainal Abidin, A.R., Ahmad, A. and Wong, H.K.A study was conducted to evaluate the growth performance of juvenile Jelawat fish, Leptobarbus hoevenii, fed 4 levels of crude protein (CP): 25, 32, 38 and 44% with isocaloric diets of 15.20 MJ/kg. All experimental feeds we...
111Nutritive assessment of four local herbal plants as animal feed supplements Hamzah, S.F,1*, Alimon, A.R,2 and Yaakub, H.3Many local herbal plants are generally rich in secondary metabolites and contain high amount of essential nutrients.. A study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant content and antimicrobial activities of 4 selected herbal plan...
112Effect of varying levels of garlic (Allium sativum) powder on growth, apparent nutrient digestibility, rumen ecology, blood profile and cost analysis of feeding West African Dwarf goats Ikyume1*, T.T., Sowande2, O.S., Dele3, P.A., Yusuf2, A.O., Monday2, S., Egunjobi2, O.K. and Fatoba2, O.The study was designed to investigate the feeding effect of garlic powder supplementation on growth performance, apparent nutrient digestibility, rumen fermentation, rumen micro organisms and blood profile of West African Dwarf (W...
113Oxidative stability of polyunsaturated fatty acids of n-3 designer eggs under different cooking methods Maroufyan1, E., Fadil,2 M., Bello3, A.U., Ebrahimi1, M., Goh1, Y.M., and Soleimani, A.F.3* Variation in the extent of cooking time, temperature and heating source may greatly affect the polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) double bond stability in eggs. A study was carried out to determine the oxidative stability of PUFA c...
114Effects of baker's yeast as a growth promoter supplemented at different levels on growth performance, gut morphology, and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens Nabila1, M., Yaakub1, H., Alimon1, AR. and Samsudin1*, AA.A study was performed to determine the effects of varying levels of bakerís yeast supplementation on growing performance, nutrient digestibility, gut morphology, and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. A total of 200 day-...
115Growth performance and cost benefit of broiler chickens raised on mash and pellet diets accessed at different feeding periods Obasa1*. O.A., Oyeleke1, A.M., Adeyemi1,O.A., Egbeyale1, L.T. and Olukomaiya,1,2 O.O.A total of 160 7-day old Marshall broiler chickens were used in a 2 x 4 factorial experiment to evaluate the effects of different feed forms and feed access times on growth performance and cost benefits of broiler chickens. The bi...
116Influence of dietary palm kernel cake on growth performance, carcass composition, meat quality, volatile fatty acids, intestinal bacteria population and villi histology of Cherry Valley ducks Samsudin1 *, A.A., Sharmila1, A., Jahromi2, M. F., Shokryazdan2, P., Mohd Nor1, A.A. and Hendry1, N.The effects of feeding palm kernel cake on growth performance, carcass composition, meat quality, volatile fatty acids, intestinal bacteria population and villi histology of Cherry Valley ducks were investigated. A total of 36 one...
117Fermented unripe plantain (Musa paradisiacal) peel meal as a replacement for maize in the diet of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings Obasa,1* S. O., Taiwo I. O, Bamidele,1 N. A, Babalola1, E. O., Odebiyi,1 O. C., Adeoye,2 A. A. and Uzamere,2 O. V.A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of fermented unripe plantain peel meal (FUP) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and economic indices of production of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, fingerli...